1 Kings 11
King Solomon, however, loved many foreign women besides Pharaoh’s daughter – Moabites, Ammonites, Edomites, Sidonians and Hittites. 2 They were from nations about which the Lord had told the Israelites, ‘You must not intermarry with them, because they will surely turn your hearts after their gods.’ Nevertheless, Solomon held fast to them in love. 3 He had seven hundred wives of royal birth and three hundred concubines, and his wives led him astray. 4 As Solomon grew old, his wives turned his heart after other gods, and his heart was not fully devoted to the Lord his God, as the heart of David his father had been. 5 He followed Ashtoreth the goddess of the Sidonians, and Molek the detestable god of the Ammonites. 6 So Solomon did evil in the eyes of the Lord; he did not follow the Lord completely, as David his father had done.
7 On a hill east of Jerusalem, Solomon built a high place for Chemosh the detestable god of Moab, and for Molek the detestable god of the Ammonites. 8 He did the same for all his foreign wives, who burned incense and offered sacrifices to their gods.
9 The Lord became angry with Solomon because his heart had turned away from the Lord, the God of Israel, who had appeared to him twice. 10 Although he had forbidden Solomon to follow other gods, Solomon did not keep the Lord’s command. 11 So the Lord said to Solomon, ‘Since this is your attitude and you have not kept my covenant and my decrees, which I commanded you, I will most certainly tear the kingdom away from you and give it to one of your subordinates. 12 Nevertheless, for the sake of David your father, I will not do it during your lifetime. I will tear it out of the hand of your son. 13 Yet I will not tear the whole kingdom from him, but will give him one tribe for the sake of David my servant and for the sake of Jerusalem, which I have chosen.’
14 Then the Lord raised up against Solomon an adversary, Hadad the Edomite, from the royal line of Edom. 15 Earlier when David was fighting with Edom, Joab the commander of the army, who had gone up to bury the dead, had struck down all the men in Edom. 16 Joab and all the Israelites stayed there for six months, until they had destroyed all the men in Edom. 17 But Hadad, still only a boy, fled to Egypt with some Edomite officials who had served his father. 18 They set out from Midian and went to Paran. Then taking people from Paran with them, they went to Egypt, to Pharaoh king of Egypt, who gave Hadad a house and land and provided him with food.
19 Pharaoh was so pleased with Hadad that he gave him a sister of his own wife, Queen Tahpenes, in marriage. 20 The sister of Tahpenes bore him a son named Genubath, whom Tahpenes brought up in the royal palace. There Genubath lived with Pharaoh’s own children.
21 While he was in Egypt, Hadad heard that David rested with his ancestors and that Joab the commander of the army was also dead. Then Hadad said to Pharaoh, ‘Let me go, so that I may return to my own country.’
22 ‘What have you lacked here that you want to go back to your own country?’ Pharaoh asked.
‘Nothing,’ Hadad replied, ‘but do let me go!’
23 And God raised up against Solomon another adversary, Rezon son of Eliada, who had fled from his master, Hadadezer king of Zobah. 24 When David destroyed Zobah’s army, Rezon gathered a band of men around him and became their leader; they went to Damascus, where they settled and took control. 25 Rezon was Israel’s adversary as long as Solomon lived, adding to the trouble caused by Hadad. So Rezon ruled in Aram and was hostile towards Israel.
Jeroboam rebels against Solomon
26 Also, Jeroboam son of Nebat rebelled against the king. He was one of Solomon’s officials, an Ephraimite from Zeredah, and his mother was a widow named Zeruah.
27 Here is the account of how he rebelled against the king: Solomon had built the terraces and had filled in the gap in the wall of the city of David his father. 28 Now Jeroboam was a man of standing, and when Solomon saw how well the young man did his work, he put him in charge of the whole labour force of the tribes of Joseph.
29 About that time Jeroboam was going out of Jerusalem, and Ahijah the prophet of Shiloh met him on the way, wearing a new cloak. The two of them were alone out in the country, 30 and Ahijah took hold of the new cloak he was wearing and tore it into twelve pieces. 31 Then he said to Jeroboam, ‘Take ten pieces for yourself, for this is what the Lord, the God of Israel, says: “See, I am going to tear the kingdom out of Solomon’s hand and give you ten tribes. 32 But for the sake of my servant David and the city of Jerusalem, which I have chosen out of all the tribes of Israel, he will have one tribe. 33 I will do this because they have forsaken me and worshipped Ashtoreth the goddess of the Sidonians, Chemosh the god of the Moabites, and Molek the god of the Ammonites, and have not walked in obedience to me, nor done what is right in my eyes, nor kept my decrees and laws as David, Solomon’s father, did.
34 ‘“But I will not take the whole kingdom out of Solomon’s hand; I have made him ruler all the days of his life for the sake of David my servant, whom I chose and who obeyed my commands and decrees. 35 I will take the kingdom from his son’s hands and give you ten tribes. 36 I will give one tribe to his son so that David my servant may always have a lamp before me in Jerusalem, the city where I chose to put my Name. 37 However, as for you, I will take you, and you will rule over all that your heart desires; you will be king over Israel. 38 If you do whatever I command you and walk in obedience to me and do what is right in my eyes by obeying my decrees and commands, as David my servant did, I will be with you. I will build you a dynasty as enduring as the one I built for David and will give Israel to you. 39 I will humble David’s descendants because of this, but not for ever.”’
40 Solomon tried to kill Jeroboam, but Jeroboam fled to Egypt, to Shishak the king, and stayed there until Solomon’s death.
41 As for the other events of Solomon’s reign – all he did and the wisdom he displayed – are they not written in the book of the annals of Solomon? 42 Solomon reigned in Jerusalem over all Israel for forty years. 43 Then he rested with his ancestors and was buried in the city of David his father. And Rehoboam his son succeeded him as king.
It is noteworthy that many of the Old Testament revered ‘giants’ are tainted in some way. David, a man with a heart for God, committed adultery and murdered; Moses, the greatest prophet, was a murderer before being called by the Lord, and did not follow God’s instructions in speaking to a rock. Abraham did not (initially) trust God for a son with Sarah and lied to Abimelech. Jacob stole his brother’s birthright and favoured Joseph above his brothers which resulted in bitterness and anger. Elijah fled, wanting to die to avoid being in ministry anymore.
Solomon was exceptionally faithful to God in his early years, abundantly blessed and revered for his great wisdom—but he did not remain loyal. Despite knowing God’s explicit instructions that Israelites were not to intermarry with foreign tribes, he manages, somehow, to marry seven hundred outsiders! It’s an almost unbelievable reversal of his faithfulness to the Lord. Unsurprisingly, the wives led him astray turning his heart away from the Lord to the abhorrent worship of their ‘gods’. Solomon had also been specifically warned about worshipping other gods (verse 10). One form of disobedience quickly leads to another.
There are lessons to be learnt from Solomon’s failure to remain true to God. We cannot hope to keep close to the Lord if we disobey Him. Consequences will inevitably follow. There is no neutral ground here. We are either followers of God or we are not. Increasing disobedience hardens our hearts and a previous intimate relationship with our Creator is all but forgotten.
But the grace of God, which has been poured out on Christian believers to bring us to a living faith in Christ, is not new. Although Solomon had been wilfully disobedient, causing the Lord to be very angry with him, God was still merciful to him. Yes, there was to be judgement, but He did not take the land of Israel from him and even when it was taken, not all of it was (verse 13).
The reason for God’s mercy in this story is attached to God’s deep love for Solomon’s father, David. A man who, although sinful, was repentant and promoted the worship of Yahweh throughout Israel. It is because of someone else that God will show mercy on Solomon. God shows mercy to us because of Christ, a far greater ‘David’ and because of what He has done.
Let us be wary of disobeying God and hardening out hearts. The outcome will always take us away from the Lord. We are sinful people but there is always, always grace when we repent.
Prayer: Heavenly Father, we thank You that You are a God of amazing grace. We acknowledge that we are sinful people and too often we do sinful things. Help us, Lord, to quickly repent of our sins and return to You, the living God. We praise You that You sent Your son, Jesus, into our world and that You show mercy and favour to us because of what He did in dying for us. We praise You for the great depth of Your mercy and love. Keep us close to You, Lord Jesus and draw us back to You when we are tempted to stray. We pray all these things in Your precious name. Amen.